Basic knowledge of the tea ceremony

Here, we will introduce the basic knowledge of the tea ceremony.

You probably saw on a magazine or television, or what you would have seen by actually participating in a tea ceremony.

· Tea room (Tea room garden)

Actually it is not the Japanese room part, the part of the garden in Japanese is also called “tea room”.

The reason is that the view of the world of the tea ceremony is also expressed in the garden.

It is directed to be guided by nature before reaching the destination.

·The tea room

It is about a Japanese-style room with alcove. The tea room is a place to practice tea ceremonies and nearby people.

There is Japanese style room in Japan. However, without an alcove, I will not say that it is a tea room.

There used to be an alcove in Japan in the past, although there was a gap between an alcove, it is often said that the time changes and the space between an alcove is wasteful.


・Tea room :crawl-through entrance

It is a small entrance to the tea room.

From the spirit of the tea ceremony, “Every person is equal if it enters the tea room”

Before get into the tea room, we make the entrance smaller once to lower head.

And, in the old days, it was for the Samurai not to bring to the tea room and to prevent it.

· Hanging Scroll (Scramble)

It is what is decorated between the tea ceremony.

In many cases, there are many squirrels (Bokushiki) written by the tea ceremony head of school peopel and Zen teachers.

Basically,they express the theme and thought of that tea gatherings.

· Tea flower (Chabana)

Simple to decorate the flowers that were in that season.

Because tea is the leading role to the last, things with strong fragrance can be avoided.

· Kettle · Iron Bottle (Bite · Tonbun)

It is for boiling hot water, it is like a pot in modern times.

· Sunken hearth and Braizer 

Sunken hearth and Braizer are for boiling hot water by hooks and iron bottles.

Why are there two kinds? Because we use different Sunken hearth and Braizer depending on the season.

The reason is to make the seasonal directing to the customer.

For example, we use Sunken hearth to produce warmth during cold weather in winter.

Sunken hearth is a small hearth furnace installed under the tatami floor. When you boil water, you can see warm steam at the sitting position and produce a warm atmosphere.

For now, it is close to ideas like floor heating.

On the contrary, in order to produce a cool atmosphere during summer hot weather, we will use Braizer to keep the hot steam away from the customer.

The time to use Sunken hearth and Braizer is decided respectively.

Sunken hearth → November – April
Brazier → May – November

·Tea Bowl

It is a vessel for drinking tea.

Actually, various shapes, colors and textures are made at various places in the world.

In the past it was said that foreign things such as China and Korea are expensive.

Also we use the seasons, people who use it, type.

· Jujube (Natsume)

It is a container of lacquer which puts green tea (light-headed tea) which is a light tea.

Urushi was also useful because it has a bactericidal effect.

· Tea whisk (cha saen)

It is made of bamboo, it is a tool to turn Matcha.
The name is different depending on the number of ears.
Because it is the impression that bubbles are fine when one with a lot of ears is spotted.

“Kazu-ho” → 72
“100 Pon-date” → 100

Also, since tea whisk is also delicate and expendable items, it will be replaced when it becomes difficult to use while cleaning properly.

At famous shrines in Kyoto, we regularly collect old “tea whiskers”, burn them and supply them.

This is we express our gratitude to the “tea whiskers” who worked hard for the tea ceremony so far.

· Tea scoop (Cha-shaku)

It is a tool to scoop matcha green tea from jujuba.

Many are made of bamboo.

Why are many such things made from bamboo?

That is because Japanese came up with bamboo products since the Jomon Period, and bamboo is abundant.

For example, even Japanese old stories have “Kaguya Hime”. A princess is born from that bamboo too.

Japan has a close relationship with bamboo.


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